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TIGSource ForumsCommunityDevLogsGastrotale: A roguelike MMO in your browser!
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Author Topic: Gastrotale: A roguelike MMO in your browser!  (Read 169 times)
brkho
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« on: January 18, 2021, 11:21:51 AM »

Hi all! I’ve been lurking around these parts for a long time, and after reading countless devlogs, I was inspired to start on my own solo-dev adventure. Now, I’m finally ready to present the project I’ve been working on for the past few months- Gastrotale, a roguelike MMO that you can play right in your browser!


Background
Gastrotale is a multiplayer roguelike ARPG (think Risk of Rain or Hades) that runs in a standard web browser. I’ve always seen a lot of potential in the web platform (my day job is hacking on the Chromium graphics stack), and I think web technologies (e.g. WebGL, WebRTC, and WebAssembly) are finally mature enough for a project like this.

I have some grand ideas of an overarching story and zany gameplay mechanics, but I’ll keep it brief for now. The project is just too early in development, and I don’t want to waste your time with baseless promises of what may be. I’ll update this post as I implement more features, so stay tuned! In the meantime, enjoy this GIF of me and my friend running around in-game:



Devlog





Features
Over the past few months, I’ve implemented a lot of the core networking stack, game loop, and rendering. As of today, multiple people can connect to the server and move around in the same map. There’s also a basic physics system that supports walls and slopes.

Also, I’ve spent a lot of time working on a map editor:



Tech
I’ve incorporated a lot of really cool tech in Gastrotale so far.

I use a client-server networking model via an approach that’s well-documented on the internet. For those of you unfamiliar with game networking, the gist is that clients are untrustworthy and all actual game logic should happen on the server. Clients broadcast their input state (e.g. keypresses, mouse position) every tick, the server acts on this information, and the server updates all clients with the authoritative game state every tick. Of course, this introduces additional latency (the client won’t see the results of a button press until a full roundtrip to the server), so most games attempt to hide the lag with client-side prediction and reconciliation.

Client-side prediction lets the client preemptively act on local inputs before the server responds. If the client and server are running the same game loop, there should be no difference between the final game state on either the client or the server in the vast majority of scenarios.

Of course, this requires that the client and server run the exact same game loop as differences in implementation will result in bugs. In many networked games, this is not an issue- both the client and the server are written in the same language, so we can just share a library. In Gastrotale, however, I want to implement the server in C++ for performance, but the client needs to run JavaScript. To solve this, I implement the game loop in C++ and use WebAssembly to export a module. I can then invoke this module on the client to advance the game loop using the local game state.

Also, most networked games use UDP instead of TCP for networking. Unfortunately, the easiest way to set up a bidirectional connection in the browser is with the TCP-based WebSockets. If you want unreliable and unordered packets, your only tool is WebRTC, an API for peer-to-peer connections between multiple web browsers. WebRTC was designed for P2P media sharing (i.e. video calls), but you can fake a client-server model by just running a WebRTC client on your server and have it connect to all clients. To do this in C++, I compile Chromium’s WebRTC implementation into my game server.

Thanks for reading, and stay tuned for more updates!
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